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Overview of Laws Governing BTM

Laws Governing Bitcoin ATMs (BTMs)

Bitcoin ATMs (BTMs) have grown in popularity as a way for people to buy and sell cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin. However, just like with any other financial service, BTMs are subject to government regulation. Understanding the laws that govern BTMs is important for both consumers and operators.

Regulation at the Federal Level

The use of BTMs is regulated at the federal level in the United States by the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN). FinCEN classifies BTMs as money transmitters, which means they are subject to the same regulations as traditional money transmitting businesses. This includes the requirement to register with FinCEN, implement anti-money laundering (AML) programs, and report suspicious activity.

State Regulation

In addition to federal regulations, BTMs are also subject to state-level regulations. Some states, such as New York, have more stringent regulations for BTMs compared to others. For example, New York requires BTM operators to obtain a BitLicense from the Department of Financial Services, which requires a thorough review of the operator’s business practices and finances.


The taxation of cryptocurrency transactions through BTMs is still a gray area in many countries. In the United States, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has classified cryptocurrencies as property for tax purposes. This means that transactions made through a BTM are subject to capital gains tax. It is important for both consumers and operators to understand the tax implications of using BTMs.

RELATED: Will BTM Become Obsolete When Cash Goes Digital?

Consumer Protection

While BTMs offer consumers a convenient way to buy and sell cryptocurrencies, they are not without risk. Consumer protection laws vary by jurisdiction, but some states, such as California, have laws in place to protect consumers using BTMs. For example, California requires BTM operators to provide disclosures about the fees associated with using the machine and the risks of using cryptocurrency.

In conclusion, BTMs are subject to a variety of federal and state regulations, as well as taxes, in the United States. It is important for both consumers and operators to understand these laws and regulations to ensure a safe and compliant use of BTMs. As the popularity of cryptocurrency continues to grow, it is likely that regulations governing BTMs will become more defined and standardized.

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